Monday, July 24th, 2017

What is THC?

December 21, 2012 by  
Filed under THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol THC

What is THC?

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the active ingredient in marijuana. It is the chemical that produces the “high” felt by marijuana users. Synthetically prepared THC is available by prescription in the U.S. and Canada under the brand name Marinol.

What is THC?  THC and your brain

When THC is ingested or inhaled, it binds to the cannaboid receptors in your brain which are located in the central nervous system and cells of the immune system. THC has mild to moderate painkilling effects. THC also appears to alter mood and cognition through its actions on the receptors it binds to. The highest density of cannabinoid receptors are found in parts of the brain that influence pleasure, memory, thinking, concentrating, sensory and time perception, and coordinated movement. THC also increases appetite and consumption of food because of its action on the hunger centers in the brain.

THC can affect one’s ability to perform certain tasks that require focus. THC can affect vision and sense of time, so a task that requires coordination, like driving, is often difficult. THC also affects short-term memory and concentration, so learning is often impaired. In addition, some users report a decrease in motivation and energy.

What is THC? THC toxicity

There has never been a documented human fatality as a result of natural THC use. The synthetic form, Marinol, has been responsible for four deaths in 8 years.

What is THC? Medical Uses

The medical uses of THC have been explored for quite some time, and medical THC has been shown to treat a variety of different medical conditions. One of the biggest benefits of medical THC is its safety. There are no deaths attributed to THC use, but there are more than 10,000 annual deaths due to drugs that are usually prescribed in lieu of THC.

THC has been shown to be effective in treating nausea, vomiting, premenstrual syndrome, and unintentional weight loss, and insomnia, lack of appetite, spasticity, neurogenic pain, movement disorders, asthma, and glaucoma. Several states have approved medical marijuana for treatment of these conditions. There is also some evidence that has shown that THC could be useful in treating adrenal disease, inflammatory bowel disease, migraines, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, collagen-induced arthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, bipolar disorder, colorectal cancer, HIV-Associated Sensory Neuropathy, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, digestive diseases, gliomas, hepatitis C, Huntington’s disease, leukemia, skin tumors, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Parkinson’s disease, pruritus, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psoriasis, sickle-cell disease, sleep apnea, and anorexia nervosa. No other single drug has shown to be as beneficial to as many medical conditions.

What is THC?

Though THC dependence is rare, there is a chance that long term use can result in tolerance and withdrawal if the drug is stopped dose is significantly reduced. THC withdrawal symptoms can include agitation, insomnia, irritability, and anxiety. THC withdrawal symptoms are not as intense as withdrawal from other drugs, but it can last longer because marijuana is stored in the body fat for a long time after use. Marijuana metabolites can be detected in long-term users for up to 90 days after use.

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